EXCEPTION: Doors, doorways, and gates designed to be operated only by security personnel shall not be required to comply with Sections 404.2.6, 404.2.7, and 404.2.8.
404.2.1 Double-Leaf Doors and Gates. 404.2.2 Clear Width.
1. Door closers and door stops shall be permitted to be 78 inches (1980 mm) minimum above the floor. 2. In alterations, a projection of 5/8 inch (16 mm) maximum into the required clear opening width shall be permitted for the latch side stop.
Fig. 404.2.2 Clear Width of Doorways
404.2.3 Maneuvering Clearances at Doors. 404.2.3.1 Swinging Doors.
Table 404.2.3.1—Maneuvering Clearances at Manual Swinging Doors
|TYPE OF USE||MINIMUM MANEUVERING CLEARANCES|
|Door Side||Perpendicular to Doorway||
Parallel to Doorway
(beyond latch unless noted)
|From front||Pull||60 inches (1525 mm)||18 inches (455 mm)|
|From front||Push||48 inches (1220 mm)||0 inches (0 mm)3|
|From hinge side||Pull||60 inches (1525 mm)||36 inches (915 mm)|
|From hinge side||Pull||54 inches (1370 mm)||42 inches (1065 mm)|
|From hinge side||Push||42 inches (1065 mm)1||22 inches (560 mm)3 & 4|
|From latch side||Pull||48 inches (1220 mm)2||24 inches (610 mm)|
|From latch side||Push||42 inches (1065 mm)2||24 inches (610 mm)|
|1Add 6 inches (150 mm) if closer and latch provided.
2Add 6 inches (150 mm) if closer provided.
3Add 12 inches (305 mm) beyond latch if closer and latch provided.
4Beyond hinge side.
Fig. 404.2.3.1 Maneuvering Clearance at Manual Swinging Doors
Sliding doors and folding doors shall have maneuvering clearances complying with Table 404.2.3.2.
Table 404.2.3.2—Maneuvering Clearances at Sliding and Folding Doors
|Approach Direction||MINIMUM MANEUVERING CLEARANCES|
|Perpendicular to Doorway||
Parallel to Doorway
(beyond stop or latch side unless noted)
|From front||48 inches (1220 mm)||0 inches (0 mm)|
|From nonlatch side||42 inches (1065 mm)||22 inches (560 mm)1|
|From latch side||42 inches (1065 mm)||24 inches (610 mm)|
|1Beyond pocket or hinge side.|
Fig. 404.2.3.2 Maneuvering Clearance at Sliding and Folding Doors
Doorways without doors that are less than 36 inches (915 mm) in width shall have maneuvering clearances complying with Table 404.2.3.3.
Table 404.2.3.3—Maneuvering Clearances for Doorways without Doors
MINIMUM MANEUVERING CLEARANCES
Perpendicular to Doorway
|From front||48 inches (1220 mm)|
|From side||42 inches (1065 mm)|
Fig. 404.2.3.3 Maneuvering Clearance at Doorways without Doors
404.2.3.4 Recessed Doors.
Fig. 404.2.3.4 Maneuvering Clearance at Recessed Doors
Floor surface within the maneuvering clearances shall have a slope not steeper than 1:48 and shall comply with Section 302.
If provided, thresholds at doorways shall be ½ inch (13 mm) maximum in height. Raised thresholds and changes in level at doorways shall comply with Sections 302 and 303.
EXCEPTION: Section 404.2.4 shall not apply to existing thresholds or altered thresholds ¾ inch (19 mm) maximum in height that have a beveled edge on each side with a maximum slope of 1:2 for the height exceeding ¼ inch (6.4 mm).
Distance between two hinged or pivoted doors in series shall be 48 inches (1220 mm) minimum plus the width of any door swinging into the space. The space between the doors shall provide a turning space complying with Section 304.
Fig. 404.2.5 Two Doors in a Series
Handles, pulls, latches, locks, and other operable parts on accessible doors shall have a shape that is easy to grasp with one hand and does not require tight grasping, pinching, or twisting of the wrist to operate. Operable parts of such hardware shall be 34 inches (865 mm) minimum and 48 inches (1220 mm) maximum above the floor. Where sliding doors are in the fully open position, operating hardware shall be exposed and usable from both sides.
EXCEPTION: Locks used only for security purposes and not used for normal operation are permitted in any location.
Door closers shall be adjusted so that from an open position of 90 degrees, the time required to move the door to an open position of 12 degrees shall be 5 seconds minimum.
Door spring hinges shall be adjusted so that from the open position of 70 degrees, the door shall move to the closed position in 1.5 seconds minimum.
Fire doors shall have the minimum opening force allowable by the appropriate administrative authority. The force for pushing or pulling open doors other than fire doors shall be as follows:
1. Interior hinged door: 5.0 pounds (22.2 N) maximum 2. Sliding or folding door: 5.0 pounds (22.2 N) maximum
These forces do not apply to the force required to retract latch bolts or disengage other devices that hold the door in a closed position.
404.2.9 Door Surface.
1. Sliding doors. 2. Tempered glass doors without stiles and having a bottom rail or shoe with the top leading edge tapered at no less than 60 degrees from the horizontal shall not be required to meet the 10 inch (255 mm) bottom rail height requirement. 3. Doors that do not extend to within 10 inches (255 mm) of the floor. 404.2.10 Vision Lites.
EXCEPTION: Vision lites with the lowest part more than 66 inches (1675 mm) above the floor are not required to comply with Section 404.2.10.
EXCEPTION: Doors, doorways, and gates designed to be operated only by security personnel shall not be required to comply with Sections 404.3.2, 404.3.4, and 404.3.5.
404.3.1 Clear Opening Width. 404.3.2 Maneuvering Clearances. 404.3.3 Thresholds. 404.3.4 Two Doors in Series. 404.3.5 Control Switches.