ICC Subscriptions
 
404 Doors and Doorways

404.1 General.
Doors and doorways that are part of an accessible route shall comply with Section 404.

404.2 Manual Doors.
Manual doors and doorways, and manual gates, including ticket gates, shall comply with the requirements of Section 404.2.

EXCEPTION:
Doors, doorways, and gates designed to be operated only by security personnel shall not be required to comply with Sections 404.2.6, 404.2.7, and 404.2.8.

404.2.1 Double-Leaf Doors and Gates. At least one of the active leaves of doorways with two leaves shall comply with Sections 404.2.2 and 404.2.3.
404.2.2 Clear Width. Doorways shall have a clear opening width of 32 inches (815 mm) minimum. Clear opening width of doorways with swinging doors shall be measured between the face of door and stop, with the door open 90 degrees. Openings, doors and doorways without doors more than 24 inches (610 mm) in depth shall provide a clear opening width of 36 inches (915 mm) minimum. There shall be no projections into the clear opening width lower than 34 inches (865 mm) above the floor. Projections into the clear opening width between 34 inches (865 mm) and 80 inches (2030 mm) above the floor shall not exceed 4 inches (100 mm).

EXCEPTIONS:
1. Door closers and door stops shall be permitted to be 78 inches (1980 mm) minimum above the floor.
2. In alterations, a projection of 5/8 inch (16 mm) maximum into the required clear opening width shall be permitted for the latch side stop.

 




Fig. 404.2.2 Clear Width of Doorways

404.2.3 Maneuvering Clearances at Doors. Minimum maneuvering clearances at doors shall comply with Section 404.2.3 and shall include the full clear opening width of the doorway.
404.2.3.1 Swinging Doors. Swinging doors shall have maneuvering clearances complying with Table 404.2.3.1.

Table 404.2.3.1—Maneuvering Clearances at Manual Swinging Doors



TYPE OF USE MINIMUM MANEUVERING CLEARANCES
Approach
Direction
Door Side Perpendicular to Doorway Parallel to Doorway
(beyond latch unless noted)
From front Pull 60 inches (1525 mm) 18 inches (455 mm)
From front Push 48 inches (1220 mm) 0 inches (0 mm)3
From hinge side Pull 60 inches (1525 mm) 36 inches (915 mm)
From hinge side Pull 54 inches (1370 mm) 42 inches (1065 mm)
From hinge side Push 42 inches (1065 mm)1 22 inches (560 mm)3 & 4
From latch side Pull 48 inches (1220 mm)2 24 inches (610 mm)
From latch side Push 42 inches (1065 mm)2 24 inches (610 mm)


 

1Add 6 inches (150 mm) if closer and latch provided.

2
Add 6 inches (150 mm) if closer provided.

3
Add 12 inches (305 mm) beyond latch if closer and latch provided.

4
Beyond hinge side.


 






Fig. 404.2.3.1 Maneuvering Clearance at Manual Swinging Doors

404.2.3.2 Sliding and Folding Doors. Sliding doors and folding doors shall have maneuvering clearances complying with Table 404.2.3.2.

Table 404.2.3.2—Maneuvering Clearances at Sliding and Folding Doors



Approach Direction MINIMUM MANEUVERING CLEARANCES
Perpendicular to Doorway Parallel to Doorway
(beyond stop or latch side unless noted)
From front 48 inches (1220 mm) 0 inches (0 mm)
From nonlatch side 42 inches (1065 mm) 22 inches (560 mm)1
From latch side 42 inches (1065 mm) 24 inches (610 mm)


 

1Beyond pocket or hinge side.


 






Fig. 404.2.3.2 Maneuvering Clearance at Sliding and Folding Doors

404.2.3.3 Doorways without Doors. Doorways without doors that are less than 36 inches (915 mm) in width shall have maneuvering clearances complying with Table 404.2.3.3.

Table 404.2.3.3—Maneuvering Clearances for Doorways without Doors


Approach Direction MINIMUM MANEUVERING CLEARANCES
Perpendicular to Doorway
From front 48 inches (1220 mm)
From side 42 inches (1065 mm)


 




Fig. 404.2.3.3 Maneuvering Clearance at Doorways without Doors
404.2.3.4 Recessed Doors. Where any obstruction within 18 inches (455 mm) of the latch side of a doorway projects more than 8 inches (205 mm) beyond the face of the door, measured perpendicular to the face of the door, maneuvering clearances for a forward approach shall be provided.




Fig. 404.2.3.4 Maneuvering Clearance at Recessed Doors

404.2.3.5 Floor Surface. Floor surface within the maneuvering clearances shall have a slope not steeper than 1:48 and shall comply with Section 302.
404.2.4 Thresholds at Doorways. If provided, thresholds at doorways shall be ½ inch (13 mm) maximum in height. Raised thresholds and changes in level at doorways shall comply with Sections 302 and 303.

EXCEPTION:
Section 404.2.4 shall not apply to existing thresholds or altered thresholds ¾ inch (19 mm) maximum in height that have a beveled edge on each side with a maximum slope of 1:2 for the height exceeding ¼ inch (6.4 mm).
404.2.5 Two Doors in Series. Distance between two hinged or pivoted doors in series shall be 48 inches (1220 mm) minimum plus the width of any door swinging into the space. The space between the doors shall provide a turning space complying with Section 304.

 



 










 


Fig. 404.2.5 Two Doors in a Series

404.2.6 Door Hardware. Handles, pulls, latches, locks, and other operable parts on accessible doors shall have a shape that is easy to grasp with one hand and does not require tight grasping, pinching, or twisting of the wrist to operate. Operable parts of such hardware shall be 34 inches (865 mm) minimum and 48 inches (1220 mm) maximum above the floor. Where sliding doors are in the fully open position, operating hardware shall be exposed and usable from both sides.

EXCEPTION:
Locks used only for security purposes and not used for normal operation are permitted in any location.
404.2.7 Closing Speed.
404.2.7.1 Door Closers. Door closers shall be adjusted so that from an open position of 90 degrees, the time required to move the door to an open position of 12 degrees shall be 5 seconds minimum.
404.2.7.2 Spring Hinges. Door spring hinges shall be adjusted so that from the open position of 70 degrees, the door shall move to the closed position in 1.5 seconds minimum.
404.2.8 Door-Opening Force. Fire doors shall have the minimum opening force allowable by the appropriate administrative authority. The force for pushing or pulling open doors other than fire doors shall be as follows:
1. Interior hinged door: 5.0 pounds (22.2 N) maximum
2. Sliding or folding door: 5.0 pounds (22.2 N) maximum

These forces do not apply to the force required to retract latch bolts or disengage other devices that hold the door in a closed position.
404.2.9 Door Surface. Door surfaces within 10 inches (255 mm) of the floor, measured vertically, shall be a smooth surface on the push side extending the full width of the door. Parts creating horizontal or vertical joints in such surface shall be within 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) of the same plane as the other. Cavities created by added kick plates shall be capped.

EXCEPTIONS:
1. Sliding doors.
2. Tempered glass doors without stiles and having a bottom rail or shoe with the top leading edge tapered at no less than 60 degrees from the horizontal shall not be required to meet the 10 inch (255 mm) bottom rail height requirement.
3. Doors that do not extend to within 10 inches (255 mm) of the floor.
404.2.10 Vision Lites. Doors and sidelites adjacent to doors containing one or more glazing panels that permit viewing through the panels shall have the bottom of at least one panel on either the door or an adjacent sidelite 43 inches (1090 mm) maximum above the floor.

EXCEPTION:
Vision lites with the lowest part more than 66 inches (1675 mm) above the floor are not required to comply with Section 404.2.10.
404.3 Automatic Doors. Automatic doors and automatic gates shall comply with Section 404.3. Full powered automatic doors shall comply with ANSI/BHMA A156.10 listed in Section 105.2.4. Power-assist and low-energy doors shall comply with ANSI/BHMA A156.19 listed in Section 105.2.3.

EXCEPTION:
Doors, doorways, and gates designed to be operated only by security personnel shall not be required to comply with Sections 404.3.2, 404.3.4, and 404.3.5.

404.3.1 Clear Opening Width. Doorways shall have a clear opening width of 32 inches (815 mm) in power-on and power-off mode. The minimum clear opening width for automatic door systems shall be based on the clear opening width provided with all leafs in the open position.
404.3.2 Maneuvering Clearances. Maneuvering clearances at power-assisted doors shall comply with Section 404.2.3.
404.3.3 Thresholds. Thresholds and changes in level at doorways shall comply with Section 404.2.4.
404.3.4 Two Doors in Series. Doors in series shall comply with Section 404.2.5.
404.3.5 Control Switches. Manually operated control switches shall comply with Section 309. The clear floor space adjacent to the control switch shall be located beyond the arc of the door swing.