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SECTION 1016 EXIT ACCESS TRAVEL DISTANCE

1016.1 Travel distance limitations.


Exits shall be so located on each story such that the maximum length of exit access travel, measured from the most remote point within a story to the entrance to an exit along the natural and unobstructed path of egress travel, shall not exceed the distances given in Table 1016.1.

Where the path of exit access includes unenclosed stairways or ramps within the exit access or includes unenclosed exit ramps or stairways as permitted in Section 1020.1, the distance of travel on such means of egress components shall also be included in the travel distance measurement. The measurement along stairways shall be made on a plane parallel and tangent to the stair tread nosings in the center of the stairway.

Exceptions:


1. Travel distance in open parking garages is permitted to be measured to the closest riser of open stairs.
2. In outdoor facilities with open exit access components and open exterior stairs or ramps, travel distance is permitted to be measured to the closest riser of a stair or the closest slope of the ramp.
3. Where an exit stair is permitted to be unenclosed in accordance with Exception 8 or 9 of Section 1020.1, the travel distance shall be measured from the most remote point within a building to an exit discharge.

TABLE 1016.1
EXIT ACCESS TRAVEL DISTANCEa

OCCUPANCY
WITHOUT SPRINKLER SYSTEM
(feet)
WITH SPRINKLER SYSTEM
(feet)
A, E, F-1, I-1, M, R, S-1
200
250b
B
200
300c
F-2, S-2, U
300
400c
H-1
Not Permitted
75c
H-2
Not Permitted
100c
H-3
Not Permitted
150c
H-4
Not Permitted
175c
H-5
Not Permitted
200c
I-2, I-3, I-4
150
200c


For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm.
 
a. See the following sections for modifications to exit access travel distance requirements:
 
  Section 402: For the distance limitation in malls.
 
  Section 404: For the distance limitation through an atrium space.
   
  Section 1016.2 For increased limitations in Groups F-1 and S-1.
 
  Section 1025.7: For increased limitation in assembly seating.
 
  Section 1025.7: For increased limitation for assembly open-air seating.
 
  Section 1019.2: For buildings with one exit.
 
  Chapter 31: For the limitation in temporary structures.
 
b. Buildings equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1 or 903.3.1.2. See Section 903 for occupancies where automatic sprinkler systems in accordance with Section 903.3.1.2 are permitted.
 
c. Buildings equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1.
1016.2 Roof vent increase.

In buildings that are one story in height, equipped with automatic heat and smoke roof vents complying with Section 910 and equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1, the maximum exit access travel distance shall be 400 feet (122 m) for occupancies in Group F-1 or S-1.

1016.3 Exterior egress balcony increase.


Travel distances specified in Section 1016.1 shall be increased up to an additional 100 feet (30 480 mm) provided the last portion of the exit access leading to the exit occurs on an exterior egress balcony constructed in accordance with Section 1014.5. The length of such balcony shall not be less than the amount of the increase taken.