ICC Subscriptions
 
R602.3 Design and construction. Exterior walls of wood-frame construction shall be designed and constructed in accordance with the provisions of this chapter and Figures R602.3(1) and R602.3.(2) or in accordance with AF&PA's NDS. Components of exterior walls shall be fastened in accordance with Tables R602.3(1) through R602.3(4). Structural wall sheathing shall be fastened directly to structural framing members. Exterior wall coverings shall be capable of resisting the wind pressures listed in Table R301.2(2) adjusted for height and exposure using Table R301.2(3). Wood structural panel sheathing used for exterior walls shall conform to the requirements of Table R602.3(3).

Studs shall be continuous from support at the sole plate to a support at the top plate to resist loads perpendicular to the wall. The support shall be a foundation or floor, ceiling or roof diaphragm or shall be designed in accordance with accepted engineering practice.


Exception:
Jack studs, trimmer studs and cripple studs at openings in walls that comply with Tables R502.5(1) and R502.5(2).

TABLE R602.3(1)
 FASTENER SCHEDULE FOR STRUCTURAL MEMBERS

ITEM
DESCRIPTION OF BUILDING ELEMENTS
NUMBER AND TYPE OF  FASTENERa, b, c
SPACING OF FASTENERS
Roof
1
Blocking between joists or rafters to top plate, toe nail
3-8d (21/2" × 0.113")
2
Ceiling joists to plate, toe nail
3-8d (21/2"× 0.113")
3
Ceiling joists not attached to parallel rafter, laps over partitions, face nail
3-10d
4
Collar tie rafter, face nail or 11/4" × 20 gage ridge strap
3-10d (3" × 0.128")
5
Rafter to plate, toe nail
2-16d (31/2" × 0.135")
6
Roof rafters to ridge, valley or hip rafters:
    toe nail
    face nail
4-16d (31/2" × 0.135")
3-16d (31/2" × 0.135")

Wall
7
Built-up corner studs
10d (3" × 0.128")
24" o.c.
8
Built-up header, two pieces with 1/2" spacer
16d (31/2" × 0.135")
16" o.c. along each edge
9
Continued header, two pieces
16d (31/2" × 0.135")
16" o.c. along each edge
10
Continuous header to stud, toe nail
4-8d (21/2" × 0.113")
11
Double studs, face nail
10d (3" × 0.128")
24" o.c.
12
Double top plates, face nail
10d (3" × 0.128")
24" o.c.
13
Double top plates, minimum 24-inch offset of end joints,
    face nail in lapped area
8-16d (31/2"× 0.135")
14
Sole plate to joist or blocking, face nail
16d (31/2" × 0.135")
16" o.c.
15
Sole plate to joist or blocking at braced wall panels
3-16d (31/2" × 0.135")
16" o.c.
16
Stud to sole plate, toe nail
3-8d (21/2" × 0.113")  
or  
2-16d 31/2" × 0.135")

17
Top or sole plate to stud, end nail
2-16d (31/2" × 0.135")
18
Top plates, laps at corners and intersections, face nail
2-10d (3" × 0.128")
19
1" brace to each stud and plate, face nail
2-8d (21/2" × 0.113")  
2 staples 13/4"

20
1" × 6" sheathing to each bearing, face nail
2-8d (21/2" × 0.113")  
2 staples 13/4"

21
1" × 8" sheathing to each bearing, face nail
2-8d (21/2" × 0.113")  
3 staples 13/4"

22
Wider than 1" × 8" sheathing to each bearing, face nail
3-8d (21/2" × 0.113")  
4 staples 13/4"

Floor
23
Joist to sill or girder, toe nail
3-8d (21/2" × 0.113")
24
1" × 6" subfloor or less to each joist, face nail
2-8d (21/2" × 0.113")  
2 staples 13/4"

25
2" subfloor to joist or girder, blind and face nail
2-16d (31/2" × 0.135")
26
Rim joist to top plate, toe nail (roof applications also)
8d (21/2" × 0.113")
6" o.c.
27
2" planks (plank & beam - floor & roof)
2-16d (31/2" × 0.135")
at each bearing
28
Built-up girders and beams, 2-inch lumber layers
10d (3" × 0.128")
Nail each layer as follows:  
32" o.c. at top and bottom and  staggered. Two nails at ends  
and at each splice.
29
Ledger strip supporting joists or rafters
3-16d (31/2" × 0.135")
At each joist or rafter


(continued)    


TABLE R602.3(1)-continued FASTENER SCHEDULE FOR STRUCTURAL MEMBERS


ITEM
DESCRIPTION OF BUILDING
MATERIALS
DESCRIPTION OF FASTENERb, c, e
SPACING OF FASTENERS
Edges
(inches)i
Intermediate
supportsc
, e
(inches)
Wood structural panels, subfloor, roof and interior wall sheathing to framing and particleboard wall sheathing to framing
30
3/8″ -1/2
6d common (2″×0.113″) nail (subfloor wall)
8d common (21/2″×0.131″) nail (roof)f
6
12g
31
19/32″ - 1″
8d common nail (21/2″×0.131″)
6
12g
32
11/8″ - 11/4
10d common (3″×0.148″) nail or
8d (21/2″×0.131″) deformed nail
6
12
Other wall sheathingh
33
1/2″ structural cellulosic
 
fiberboard sheathing
11/2″ galvanized roofing nail, 7/16″ crown or 1″
crown staple 16 ga., 11/4 ″long
3
6
34
25/32″ structural cellulosic
fiberboard sheathing
13/4 ″ galvanized roofing nail, 7/16″ crown or 1″
crown staple 16 ga., 11/2″ long
3
6
35
1/2″ gypsum sheathingd
11/2 ″ galvanized roofing nail; staple galvanized,
11/2″ long; 11/4 screws, Type W or S
7
7
36
5/8″ gypsum sheathingd
13/4glavanized roofing nail; staple galvanized,
15/8 ″long; 15/8 ″screws, Type W or S
7
7
Wood structural panels, combination subfloor underlayment to framing
37
3/4″ and less
6d deformed (2″ × 0.120″) nail or
8d common (21/2″ × 0.131″) nail
6
12
38
7/8 ″- 1″
8d common (21/2″ × 0.131″) nail or
8d deformed (21/2″ × 0.120″) nail
6
12
39
11/8 ″- 11/4
10d common (3″ × 0.148″) nail or
8d deformed (21/2″ × 0.120″) nail
6
12


For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 mile per hour = 0.447 m/s; 1ksi = 6.895 MPa.

a. All nails are smooth-common, box or deformed shanks except where otherwise stated. Nails used for framing and sheathing connections shall have minimum average bending yield strengths as shown: 80 ksi for shank diameter of 0.192 inch (20d common nail), 90 ksi for shank diameters larger than 0.142 inch but not larger than 0.177 inch, and 100 ksi for shank diameters of 0.142 inch or less.

b. Staples are 16 gage wire and have a minimum 7/16-inch on diameter crown width.

c. Nails shall be spaced at not more than 6 inches on center at all supports where spans are 48 inches or greater.

d. Four-foot-by-8-foot or 4-foot-by-9-foot panels shall be applied vertically.

e. Spacing of fasteners not included in this table shall be based on Table R602.3(2).

f. For regions having basic wind speed of 110 mph or greater, 8d deformed (21/2″×0.120) nails shall be used for attaching plywood and wood structural panel roof sheathing to framing within minimum 48-inch distance from gable end walls, if mean roof height is more than 25 feet, up to 35 feet maximum.

g. For regions having basic wind speed of 100 mph or less, nails for attaching wood structural panel roof sheathing to gable end wall framing shall be spaced 6 inches on center. When basic wind speed is greater than 100 mph, nails for attaching panel roof sheathing to intermediate supports shall be spaced 6 inches on center for minimum 48-inch distance from ridges, eaves and gable end walls; and 4 inches on center to gable end wall framing.

h. Gypsum sheathing shall conform to ASTM C 1396 and shall be installed in accordance with GA 253. Fiberboard sheathing shall conform to ASTM C 208.

i
. Spacing of fasteners on floor sheathing panel edges applies to panel edges supported by framing members and required blocking and at all floor perimeters only. Spacing of fasteners on roof sheathing panel edges applies to panel edges supported by framing members and required blocking. Blocking of roof or floor sheathing panel edges perpendicular to the framing members need not be provided except as required by other provisions of this code. Floor perimeter shall be supported by framing members or solid blocking.


TABLE R602.3(2) ALTERNATE ATTACHMENTS


NOMINAL MATERIAL THICKNESS (inches)
DESCRIPTIONa, b OF FASTENER AND LENGTH
(inches)
SPACINGc OF FASTENERS
Edges
(inches)
Intermediate supports
(inches)
Wood structural panels subfloor, roof and wall sheathing to framing and particleboard wall sheathing to framingf
up to 1/2
Staple 15 ga. 13/4
4
8
0.097 - 0.099 Nail 21/4
3
6
Staple 16 ga. 13/4
3
6
19/32 and 5/8
0.113 Nail 2
3
6
Staple 15 and 16 ga. 2
4
8
0.097 - 0.099 Nail 21/4
4
8
23/32 and 3/4
Staple 14 ga. 2
4
8
Staple 15 ga. 13/4
3
6
0.097 - 0.099 Nail 21/4
4
8
Staple 16 ga. 2
4
8
1
Staple 14 ga. 21/4
4
8
0.113 Nail 21/4
3
6
Staple 15 ga. 21/4
4
8
0.097 - 0.099 Nail 21/2
4
8
NOMINAL MATERIAL THICKNESS
(inches)
DESCRIPTIONa,b OF FASTENER AND LENGTH
(inches)
SPACINGc OF FASTENERS
Edges
(inches)
Body of paneld
(inches)
Floor underlayment; plywood-hardboard-particleboardf
Plywood
1/4 and 5/16
11/4 ring or screw shank nail-minimum
121/2 ga. (0.099") shank diameter
3
6
Staple 18 ga., 7/8, 3/16 crown width
2
5
11/32, 3/8, 15/32, and 1/2
11/4 ring or screw shank nail-minimum
121/2 ga. (0.099") shank diameter
6
8e
19/32, 5/8, 23/32 and 3/4
11/2 ring or screw shank nail-minimum
121/2 ga. (0.099") shank diameter
6
8
Staple 16 ga. 11/2
6
8
Hardboardf
0.200
11/2 long ring-grooved underlayment nail
6
6
4d cement-coated sinker nail
6
6
Staple 18 ga., 7/8 long (plastic coated)
3
6
Particleboard
1/4
4d ring-grooved underlayment nail
3
6
Staple 18 ga., 7/8 long, 3/16 crown
3
6
3/8
6d ring-grooved underlayment nail
6
10
Staple 16 ga., 11/8 long, 3/8 crown
3
6
1/2, 5/8
6d ring-grooved underlayment nail
6
10
Staple 16 ga., 15/8 long, 3/8 crown
3
6


For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm.

a. Nail is a general description and may be T-head, modified round head or round head.


b. Staples shall have a minimum crown width of 7/16-inch on diameter except as noted.


c. Nails or staples shall be spaced at not more than 6 inches on center at all supports where spans are 48 inches or greater. Nails or staples shall be spaced at not more than 12 inches on center at intermediate supports for floors.


d. Fasteners shall be placed in a grid pattern throughout the body of the panel.


e. For 5-ply panels, intermediate nails shall be spaced not more than 12 inches on center each way.


TABLE R602.3(3) REQUIREMENTS FOR WOOD STRUCTURAL PANEL WALL SHEATHING USED TO RESIST WIND PRESSURESa,b,c


MINIMUM NAIL
MINIMUM WOOD STRUCTURAL PANEL SPAN RATING
MINIMUM NOMINAL PANEL THICKNESS (inches)
MAXIMUM WALL STUD SPACING
(inches)
PANEL NAIL SPACING
MAXIMUM WIND SPEED
(mph)
Size
Penetration
(inches)
Edges
(inches o.c.)
Field
(inches o.c.)
Wind exposure category
B
C
D

6d Common(2.0" × 0.113")
 
1.5
24/0
3/8
16
6
12
110
90
85

8d Common(2.5"× 0.131")

 
1.75
24/16
7/16
16
6
12
130
110
105
24
6
12
110
90
85


For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 mile per hour = 0.447 m/s.

a. Panel strength axis parallel or perpendicular to supports. Three-ply plywood sheathing with studs spaced more than 16 inches on center shall be applied with panel strength axis perpendicular to supports.


b. Table is based on wind pressures acting toward and away from building surfaces per Section R301.2. Lateral bracing requirements shall be in accordance with Section R602.10.


c. Wood Structural Panels with span ratings of Wall-16 or Wall-24 shall be permitted as an alternate to panels with a 24/0 span rating. Plywood siding rated 16 oc or 24 oc shall be permitted as an alternate to panels with a 24/16 span rating. Wall-16 and Plywood siding 16 oc shall be used with studs spaced a maximum of 16 inches on center.


TABLE R602.3(4) ALLOWABLE SPANS FOR PARTICLEBOARD WALL SHEATHINGa


THICKNESS 
(inch)
GRADE STUD SPACING
(inches)
When siding is nailed to studs When siding is nailed to sheathing
3/8 M-1 Exterior glue 16 -
1/2 M-2 Exterior glue 16 16


For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm.

a. Wall sheathing not exposed to the weather. If the panels are applied horizontally, the end joints of the panel shall be offset so that four panels corners will not meet. All panel edges must be supported. Leave a 1/16-inch gap between panels and nail no closer than 3/8 inch from panel edges.


TABLE R602.3(5) SIZE, HEIGHT AND SPACING OF WOOD STUDSa


STUD SIZE(inches)
BEARING WALLS
NONBEARING WALLS
Laterally unsupported
stud heighta(feet)
Maximum spacing when supporting a roof-ceiling assembly or a habitable attic assembly, only
(inches)
Maximum spacing when supporting one floor, plus a roof-ceiling assembly or a habitable attic assembly(inches)
Maximum spacing when supporting two floors, plus a roof-ceiling assembly or a habitable attic assembly(inches)
Maximum spacing when supporting one floor heighta
(feet)
Laterally unsupported stud heighta(feet)
Maximum spacing(inches)
   



 


 


 
   
2 × 3b
-
-
-
-
-
10
16
2 × 4
10
24c
16c
-
24
14
24
3 × 4
10
24
24
16
24
14
24
2 × 5
10
24
24
-
24
16
24
2 × 6
10
24
24
16
24
20
24
 

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 square foot = 0.093 m2.

a. Listed heights are distances between points of lateral support placed perpendicular to the plane of the wall. Increases in unsupported height are permitted where justified by analysis.


b. Shall not be used in exterior walls.


c. A habitable attic assembly supported by 2 × 4 studs is limited to a roof span of 32 feet. Where the roof span exceeds 32 feet, the wall studs shall be increased to 2 × 6 or the studs shall be designed in accordance with accepted engineering practice.


For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm.






For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm.


FIGURE R602.3(1) TYPICAL WALL, FLOOR AND ROOF FRAMING


 



For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm 1 foot = 304.8 mm.

FIGURE R602.3(2) FRAMING DETAILS