ICC Subscriptions
 
SECTION 3002 HOISTWAY ENCLOSURES

3002.1 Hoistway enclosure protection.


Elevator, dumbwaiter and other hoistway enclosures shall be shaft enclosures complying with Section 707.

3002.1.1 Opening protectives.


Openings in hoistway enclosures shall be protected as required in Chapter 7.

Exception:
The elevator car doors and the associated hoistway enclosure doors at the floor level designated for recall in accordance with Section 3003.2 shall be permitted to remain open during Phase I Emergency Recall Operation.

3002.1.2 Hardware.


Hardware on opening protectives shall be of an approved type installed as tested, except that approved interlocks, mechanical locks and electric contacts, door and gate electric contacts and door-operating mechanisms shall be exempt from the fire test requirements.

3002.2 Number of elevator cars in a hoistway.


Where four or more elevator cars serve all or the same portion of a building, the elevators shall be located in at least two separate hoistways. Not more than four elevator cars shall be located in any single hoistway enclosure.

3002.3 Emergency signs.


An approved pictorial sign of a standardized design shall be posted adjacent to each elevator call station on all floors instructing occupants to use the exit stairways and not to use the elevators in case of fire. The sign shall read: IN FIRE EMERGENCY, DO NOT USE ELEVATOR. USE EXIT STAIRS. The emergency sign shall not be required for elevators that are part of an accessible means of egress complying with Section 1007.4.

3002.4 Elevator car to accommodate ambulance stretcher.


Where elevators are provided in buildings four or more stories above grade plane or four or more stories below grade plane, at least one elevator shall be provided for fire department emergency access to all floors. The elevator car shall be of such a size and arrangement to accommodate a 24-inch by 84-inch (610 mm by 1930 mm) ambulance stretcher in the horizontal, open position and shall be identified by the international symbol for emergency medical services (star of life). The symbol shall not be less than 3 inches (76 mm) high and shall be placed inside on both sides of the hoistway door frame.

The following California sections replace the corresponding model code section for applications specified in Section 111 for the Office of  the State Fire Marshal.


3002.4a General stretcher requirements.


All buildings and structures with one or more passenger service elevators shall be provided with not less than one medical emergency service to all landings meeting the provisions of  Section 3002.4a.


Exceptions:


1.   Elevators in structures used only by maintenance and operating personnel.


2.   Elevators in jails and penal institutions.


3.   Elevators in buildings or structures where each landing is at ground level or is accessible at grade level or by a ramp.


4.   Elevator(s) in two-story buildings or structures equipped with stairs of  a configuration that will accommodate the carrying of  the gurney or stretcher as permitted by the local jurisdictional authority.


5.   Elevators in buildings or structures less than four stories in height for which the local jurisdictional authority has granted an exception in the form of  a written document.


3002.4a.1 Gurney size.


The medical emergency service elevator shall accommodate the loading and transport of  an ambulance gurney or stretcher [maximum size 24 inches by 84 inches (610 mm by 2134 mm)] in the horizontal position.


3002.4a.2 Hoistway doors.


The hoistway landing openings shall be provided with power-operated doors.


3002.4a.3 Elevator entrance openings and car size.


The elevator car shall be of  such a size and arrangement to accommodate a 24-inch by 84-inch (610 mm by 2134 mm) ambulance gurney or stretcher in the horizontal, open position, shall be provided with a minimum clear distance between walls or between walls and door excluding return panels not less than 80 inches by 54 inches (2032 mm by 1372 mm), and a minimum distance from wall to return panel not less than 51 inches (1295 mm) with a 42-inch (1067 mm) side slide door.


Exception:
The elevator car dimensions and/or the clear entrance opening dimensions may be altered where it can be demonstrated to the local jurisdictional authority’s satisfaction that the proposed configuration will handle the designated gurney or stretcher with equivalent ease. Documentation from the local authority shall be provided to the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board.

3002.4a.4 Elevator recall.


The elevator(s) designated the medical emergency elevator shall be equipped with a key switch to recall the elevator nonstop to the main floor. For the purpose of this section, elevators in compliance with Section 3003.2 shall be acceptable.

3002.4a.5 Designation.


Medical emergency elevators shall be identified by the international symbol (Star of  Life) for emergency medical services.


3002.4a.6 Symbol size.


The symbol shall not be less than 3 inches (76 mm) in size.


3002.4a.7 Symbol location.


A symbol shall be permanently attached to each side of  the hoistway door frame on the portion of  the frame at right angles to the hallway or landing area. Each symbol shall be not less than 78 inches (1981 mm) and not more than 84 inches (2134 mm) above the floor level at the threshold.


3002.5 Emergency doors.


Where an elevator is installed in a single blind hoistway or on the outside of a building, there shall be installed in the blind portion of the hoistway or blank face of the building, an emergency door in accordance with ASME A17.1.

3002.6 Prohibited doors.


Doors, other than hoistway doors and the elevator car door, shall be prohibited at the point of access to an elevator car unless such doors are readily openable from the car side without a key, tool, special knowledge or effort.

3002.7 Common enclosure with stairway.


Elevators shall not be in a common shaft enclosure with a stairway.

3002.8 Glass in elevator enclosures.


Glass in elevator enclosures shall comply with Section 2409.1.

3002.9 Photoelectric tube bypass switch.


3002.9.1


Elevators equipped with photoelectric tube devices which control the closing of  automatic, power-operated car or hoistway doors, or both, shall have a switch in the car which, when actuated, will render the photoelectric tube device ineffective.


3002.9.2


The switch shall be constant-pressure type, requiring not less than 10 pounds (44.5 N) or more than 15 pounds (66.7 N) pressure to actuate.


3002.9.3


The switch shall be located not less than 6 feet (1829 mm) or more than 6 feet 6 inches (1981 mm) above the car floor and shall be located in or adjacent to the operating panel.


3002.9.4


The switch shall be clearly labeled: TO BE USED IN CASE OF FIRE ONLY.


3002.9.5


Switches shall be kept in working order or be removed when existing installations are arranged to comply with Section 3002.9.5, Exception 1 or 2.


Exceptions:


1.   Elevators installed and maintained in compliance with Section 3003.


2.   Where alternate means acceptable to the fire authority having jurisdiction are provided that will ensure the doors can close under adverse smoke conditions.