ICC Subscriptions
 
SECTION 906 PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS

906.1 Where required.
Portable fire extinguishers shall be installed in the following locations:


1.   In new and existing Group A, B, E, F, H, I , M, R-1, R-2, R-4 and S occupancies.

Exception:
In Group A, B and E occupancies equipped throughout with quick- response sprinklers, fire extinguishers shall be required only in special-hazard areas.
2.   Within 30 feet (9144 mm) of commercial cooking equipment.
3.   In areas where flammable or combustible liquids are stored, used or dispensed.
4.   On each floor of structures under construction, except Group R-3 occupancies, in accordance with Section 1415.1.
5.   Where required by the sections indicated in Table 906.1.
6.   Special-hazard areas, including but not limited to laboratories, computer rooms and generator rooms, where required by the code enforcement official.

TABLE 906.1 ADDITIONAL REQUIRED PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS


SECTION
SUBJECT
303.5 
Asphalt kettles
307.4 
Open burning
308.4 
Open flames
309.4 
Powered industrial trucks
1105.2 
Aircraft towing vehicles
1105.3 
Aircraft welding apparatus
1105.4 
Aircraft fuel-servicing tank vehicles
1105.5 
Aircraft hydrant fuel-servicing vehicles
1105.6 
Aircraft fuel-dispensing stations
1107.7 
Heliports and helistops
1208.4 
Dry cleaning plants
1415.1 
Buildings under construction or demolition
1417.3 
Roofing operations
1504.6.4 
Spray-finishing operations
1505.5 
Dip-tank operations
1904.2 
Lumberyards/woodworking facilities
1908.8 
Recycling facilities
1909.5 
Exterior lumber storage
2003.5 
Organic-coating areas
2106.3 
Industrial ovens
2205.5 
Motor fuel-dispensing facilities
2210.6.4 
Marine motor fuel-dispensing facilities
2211.6 
Repair garages
2306.10 
Rack storage
2404.12 
Tents, canopies and membrane structures
2508.2 
Tire rebuilding/storage
2604.2.6 
Welding and other hot work
2903.6 
Combustible fibers
3308.11
Fireworks
3403.2.1 
Flammable and combustible liquids, general
3404.3.3.1 
Indoor storage of flammable and combustible liquids
3404.3.7.5.2 
Liquid storage rooms for flammable and combustible liquids
3405.4.9 
Solvent distillation units
3406.2.7 
Farms and construction sites—flammable and combustible liquids storage
3406.4.10.1 
Bulk plants and terminals for flammable and combustible liquids
3406.5.4.5 
Commercial, industrial, governmental or manufacturing establishments—fuel dispensing
3406.6.4 
Tank vehicles for flammable and combustible liquids
3606.5.7 
Flammable solids
3808.2 
LP-gas
906.2 General requirements. Fire extinguishers shall be selected, installed and maintained in accordance with this section and NFPA 10.

Exceptions:


1.   The travel distance to reach an extinguisher shall not apply to the spectator seating portions of Group A-5 occupancies.
2.   The use of a supervised, listed electronic monitoring device shall be permitted in lieu of 30-day interval inspections.
906.3 Size and distribution. For occupancies that involve primarily Class A fire hazards, the minimum sizes and distribution shall comply with Table 906.3(1). Fire extinguishers for occupancies involving flammable or combustible liquids with depths of less than or equal to 0.25-inch (6.35 mm) shall be selected and placed in accordance with Table 906.3(2). Fire extinguishers for occupancies involving flammable or combustible liquids with a depth of greater than 0.25-inch (6.35 mm) or involving combustible metals shall be selected and placed in accordance with NFPA 10. Extinguishers for Class C fire hazards shall be selected and placed on the basis of the anticipated Class A or Class B hazard.

TABLE 906.3(1) FIRE EXTINGUISHERS FOR CLASS A FIRE HAZARDS


LIGHT (Low) HAZARD OCCUPANCY
ORDINARY (Moderate) HAZARD OCCUPANCY
EXTRA (High) HAZARD OCCUPANCY
Minimum
Rated Single Extinguisher
2-Ac
2-A
4-Aa
Maximum
Floor Area Per Unit of A
3,000
square feet
1,500
square feet
1,000
square feet
Maximum
Floor Area For Extinguisherb
11,250
square feet
11,250
square feet
11,250
square feet
Maximum
Travel Distance to Extinguisher
75 feet
75 feet
75 feet



For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 square foot = 0.0929 m2, 1 gallon = 3.785 L.
a. Two 2.5-gallon water-type extinguishers shall be deemed the equivalent of one 4-A rated extinguisher.
b. NFPA 10 Appendix E-3-3 provides more details concerning application of the maximum floor area criteria.
c. Two water-type extinguishers each with a 1-A rating shall be deemed the equivalent of one 2-A rated extinguisher for Light (Low) Hazard Occupancies.



TABLE 906.3(2) FLAMMABLE OR COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS WITH DEPTHS OF LESS THAN OR EQUAL TO 0.25-INCH


TYPE OF HAZARD
BASIC MINIMUM EXTINGUISHER RATING
MAXIMUM TRAVEL DISTANCE TO EXTINGUISHERS
(feet)

Light (Low)
5-B
10-B
30
50
Ordinary (Moderate)
10-B
20-B
30
50
Extra (High)
40-B
80-B
30
50


For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm.
NOTE:
For requirements on water-soluble flammable liquids and alternative sizing criteria, see NFPA 10, Sections 3-3 and 3-4.


 

906.4 Cooking grease fires.
Fire extinguishers provided for the protection of cooking grease fires shall be of an approved type compatible with the automatic fire-extinguishing system agent and in accordance with Section 904.11.5.

906.5 Conspicuous location.
Extinguishers shall be located in conspicuous locations where they will be readily accessible and immediately available for use. These locations shall be along normal paths of travel, unless the code enforcement official determines that the hazard posed indicates the need for placement away from normal paths of travel.

906.6 Unobstructed and unobscured.
Fire extinguishers shall not be obstructed or obscured from view. In rooms or areas in which visual obstruction cannot be completely avoided, means shall be provided to indicate the locations of extinguishers.

906.7 Hangers and brackets.
Hand-held portable fire extinguishers, not housed in cabinets, shall be installed on the hangers or brackets supplied. Hangers or brackets shall be securely anchored to the mounting surface in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.

906.8 Cabinets.
Cabinets used to house fire extinguishers shall not be locked.

Exceptions:


1.   Where fire extinguishers subject to malicious use or damage are provided with a means of ready access.
2.   In Group I-3 occupancies and in mental health areas in Group I-2 occupancies, access to portable fire extinguishers shall be permitted to be locked or to be located in staff locations provided the staff has keys.
906.9 Height above floor. Portable fire extinguishers having a gross weight not exceeding 40 pounds (18 kg) shall be installed so that its top is not more than 5 feet (1524 mm) above the floor. Hand-held portable fire extinguishers having a gross weight exceeding 40 pounds (18 kg) shall be installed so that its top is not more than 3.5 feet (1067 mm) above the floor. The clearance between the floor and the bottom of installed hand-held extinguishers shall not be less than 4 inches (102 mm).

906.10 Wheeled units.
Wheeled fire extinguishers shall be conspicuously located in a designated location.